Madurai is a major city and cultural headquarters in the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India. Madurai is the second largest city by area and third largest city by population in Tamil Nadu. Located on the banks of River Vaigai, Madurai has been a major settlement for two millennia and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Madurai is called with various nicknames like Athens of the East, Thoonga Nagaram (City that never Sleeps), Naan maada koodal (City of Four junctions), Malligai Managar (City of Jasmine), Koodal Managar (City of Junction) Koil Nagar (Temple city) etc. The main kingdoms which ruled Madurai during various times are the Pandyas and the Nayaks.
According to 2011 census,
Madurai district had a population - 3,038,252 growth rate of 17.95%.
The average literacy of the district was 74.83%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.
The district had a total of 794,887 households.
Total workers - 1,354,632
main agricultural laborers - 287,731
house hold industries - 39,753
other - 765,066
Marginal Workers - 180730